When a spinal cord injury is sustained it is treated as a medical emergency requiring immediate treatment. Quite simply the time between the injury and treatment can affect the outcome.
Corticosteroids are used to reduce the swelling that may cause damage to the spinal cord, and they should be administered as soon as possible post injury.
In certain circumstances surgery may be required to;
- Remove fluid or tissue that is pressing on the spinal cord
- Remove bone fragments, disc fragments or foreign objects
- Fuse broken spinal bones or place spinal braces
After the injury the injured person will require physical therapy, occupational therapy and other such rehabilitation therapies.
Symptoms of a spinal cord injury such as muscle spasticity can be relieved with medication, either taken orally or injected into the spinal cord.
At present there is no known cure for spinal cord injuries, although research is continually being carried out.