Glossary

  • Ageusia

    Partial/total loss of taste

  • Amnesia

    Partial/total loss of ability to remember.

  • Anaesthetist

    Anaesthetists specialise in the relief of pain, most commonly in the context of surgery.

  • Aneurism

    A balloon-like deformity in the wall of a blood vessel.

  • Anomia

    Difficulty finding words.

  • Anosmia

    Loss of smell.

  • Anoxia (hypoxia)

    Lack of oxygen supply to the brain.

  • Anticonvulsant

    Medication to reduce frequency of seizures.

  • Ataxia

    Unsteadiness of movement.

  • Behaviour modification

    Therapy that uses the principle of learning, aims to change behaviour using reward/consequence.

  • Brain Plasticity

    The brain’s ability to take over functions of damaged cells.

  • Burr hole

    A hole drilled in to the skull.

  • Cardiologist

    Specialist doctor who diagnoses and treats conditions of the heart.

  • Clinical Neuropsychologists

    Are concerned with changes that occur following damage to, or disease of, the nervous system.

  • Clinical Psychologists

    Are primarily concerned with the assessment and treatment of emotional and psychiatric problems in adult mental health (including rehabilitation and psychological therapy).

  • Cognitive Abilities

    Mental abilities such as thinking, remembering, concentrating.

  • Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

    A form of psychological therapy based on learning theory principles.

  • Coma

    State of unconsciousness.

  • Concussion

    Unconsciousness after a blow to the head.

  • Consultant Psychiatrist

    Doctor with specialist experience and qualifications in mental illness and emotional disorders.

  • Contusion

    A bruise caused by a blow with a blunt object.

  • Craniotomy

    Occurs when a hole is made in the skull in order that surgeons can access the brain.

  • Cranium

    Bony skill (intracranial – inside the skull).

  • CT scan

    A series of x-rays which build up a 3D image of the inside of the body.

  • Dementia

    Impaired thinking, damaged intellectual functioning.

  • Dermatologist

    Specialist who diagnoses and treats disorders of the skin.

  • Diffuse Axonal Injury (DAI)

    Widespread tearing of nerve fibres across the entire brain.

  • Diplopia

    Double vision.

  • Disinhibition

    Difficulty controlling urges, impulsions to speak, act or emote.

  • Dysphagia

    Difficulty swallowing.

  • Edema

    Swelling of the brain.

  • EEG

    Electrodes are attached to the scalp to measure the electrical activity, waves, in the brain.

  • Embolism

    Blockage of an artery by a clot.

  • Encephalitis

    Inflammation of the brain due to infection.

  • Endocrinologist

    Specialist who treats disorders of the hormonal systems.

  • ENT

    Surgery of the ear, nose and throat.

  • Epilepsy

    Abnormal electrical activity in the brain.

  • Executive functions

    Include planning, organising, problem solving.

  • Gastroenterology

    Medical field specialising in the function and disorders of the stomach, intestines and related organs of the gastrointestinal tract.

  • Gastrostomy

    An opening in the stomach for administration of foods and fluids.

  • General Practitioner (GP)

    Local doctor, who will usually be the first person you see if you have a physical or emotional problem.

  • General Surgeon

    A doctor who has training and expertise in performing a variety of operations.

  • Glasgow Coma Scale (GSC)

    A scale for measuring level of consciousness.

  • Gynaecologist

    Specialist in the diagnosis of and treatment of conditions relating to the female genital tract reproductive system.

  • Haematology

    Medical speciality relating to the blood and blood forming tissues.

  • Haematoma

    Bleeding on the brain that leads to the collection of ‘pools’ or ‘clots’.

  • Haemorrhage

    Bleeding/blood loss.

  • HRCT Scan

    Is high-resolution computerised tomography scanning that uses x-rays to produce detailed images of the inside of the body.

  • Hydrocephalus

    Accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the brain.

  • Hypoxia

    Reduced availability of oxygen to body tissues.

  • ICP (Intracranial Pressure) monitoring

    Insertion of a bolt in to the skull which is connected to a gauge via a catheter, it then registers the amount of pressure within the skull

  • Infarct

    An area of the brain where cells have died

  • Maxillofacial

    Surgery to the face and jaw.

  • MRI scan

    Strong magnetic fields and radio waves used to produce a detailed image of the body.

  • Multi-disciplinary team (MDT)

    A team of health and social care staff.

  • Nasogastric Tube

    Fine tube that is passed through the nose and down the throat into the stomach, used for feeding.

  • Neurology

    This is the study of the brain, the nervous system and its diseases.

  • Neuropsychiatrist

    A doctor who specialises in the relationship between neurological processes and psychiatric disorders.

  • Neuroradiologist

    A specialist radiologist who uses imaging techniques, such as x-rays, to diagnose diseases/injuries of the nervous system

  • Neurorehabilitation

    A complex medical process that aims to aid recovery from an injury to the nervous system.

  • Neurosurgery

    Surgery of the brain and the nervous system, including spinal surgery.

  • Nystagmus

    Jerking of the eyes following damage to the brain stem.

  • Occupational Therapist (OT)

    Will work with an individual to develop their skills and confidence in everyday life.

  • Oedema

    Swelling caused by excess fluid in tissues.

  • Oncologist

    A doctor specialising in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer.

  • Ophthalmology

    Surgery of the eye and the orbit.

  • Orthopaedics

    Surgery of bones, joints and locomotion.

  • Otologist

    Doctor who specialises in problems of the ear, nose and throat and has additional training in the medical and surgical management of dizziness, hearing loss and tumours of the ear.

  • Paediatrician

    A doctor specialising in children’s medicine.

  • Paralysis

    Loss of ability of muscles to contract.

  • Paraplegia

    Loss of movement and sensation of the lower part of the body.

  • Persistent Vegetative State

    Condition where the patient does not speak, follow commands or make any meaningful responses.

  • PET Scan

    Positron Emission Topography, maps blood flow in brain.

  • Physiotherapy

    The treatment of disease, injury or deformity by physical methods such as exercise, heat treatment or massage.

  • Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    This includes sub-specialities of burns surgery, including critical care and cosmetic surgery.

  • Post-traumatic Amnesia (PTA)

    Inability to remember events after a blow to the head.

  • Proprioception

    Perception of the position and movement of the body, limbs and head.

  • Prosthetic

    Is an artificial device that replaces a missing part of the body.

  • Prosthetist

    An expert in prosthetics.

  • Psychiatrists

    Medical practitioners who may use a full range of treatments, drugs and physical methods.

  • Psychologists

    They are not medically qualified but have professional training. They have a first degree in psychology and have undertaken further professional training in a specific area of psychology.

  • Psychometric Tests

    Tests which measure mental functioning.

  • Psychotherapy

    Is the treatment of mental disorders and behavioural issues using verbal and non-verbal communication.

  • Respiratory Physician

    A doctor that deals with the respiratory system, e.g. lungs, windpipe etc.

  • Retrograde Amnesia

    Inability to remember events that happened for a period before a blow to the head.

  • Rheumatologist

    A specialist in the treatment of disorders of the connective tissues, e.g. arthritis.

  • Quadriplegia (Tetraplegia)

    Complete or semi-paralysis to all four limbs following injury to the neck.

  • Shunt

    A device to remove excess fluid or divert blood.

  • Speech & Language Therapists

    Assess and treat speech, language and communication problems, as well as those who have difficulty feeding, chewing and swallowing.

  • Spinal Surgeon

    Doctor who specialises in conditions and surgery affecting the spine.

  • Tetraplegia (Quadriplegia)

    Complete or semi-paralysis to all four limbs following injury to the neck.

  • Thrombosis

    Clot in a blood vessel.

  • Tracheotomy

    A small operation that involves opening the windpipe for a plastic tube to be inserted to facilitate breathing when the windpipe is blocked.

  • Urology

    A urological surgeon deals with surgery of the kidney and drainage system, to include the ureter, the bladder and the urethra.

  • Ventilator

    A machine that pumps oxygen-enriched air into the lungs when they are not working efficiently.

  • Vocational Rehabilitation

    Provides training in a specific field with the aim of gaining employment.

  • Legal Terms

  • Civil Law

    The area of law covering disputes you may have with a person or organisation.

  • Claimant

    A person making a claim.

  • Client

    Someone who uses services provided by a lawyer or another.

  • Compensation

    Recompense for loss, injury or suffering.

  • Damages

    An award, typically of money, paid to a person or organisation for loss or injury.

  • Defendant

    A person or organisation against whom a claim is being brought.

  • Disbursement

    Fees that are paid to organisation as required as part of legal services, e.g. court fee, medical fee.

  • Instructing

    Authorising a lawyer to represent you, an instruction describes the type of work that you want them to carry out.

  • Intestate

    Any person who dies without leaving a will is said have died intestate.

  • Lawyer

    According to the SRA Code of Conduct 2011, a member of one of the following professions entitled to practise as such;

    • The profession of solicitor, barrister or advocate of the UK
    • A profession whose members are authorised to carry on legal activities by an approved regulator other than the SRA
    • An Establishment Directive profession other than a UK profession
    • A legal profession which has been approved by the SRA for the purpose of recognised bodies in England & Wales
    • Any other regulated legal profession specified by the SRA for the purpose of this definition

  • Legal Executive

    A lawyer regulated by CILEX Professional Standards.

  • Legal Services

    Services provided to clients, e.g. legal advice or representation at court.

  • Liable

    When someone is legally responsible for something.

  • Liability

    Something that a person is responsible for.

  • Litigation

    The contest process before a court.

  • Out-of-court settlement

    An agreement between the two sides to settle the case privately before the court makes its decision.

  • Solicitor

    A lawyer who has been admitted as a solicitor by the SRA and whose name appears on the roll of solicitors.

  • Third party

    A term used to describe someone other that the two sides in a particular situation.

  • Trainee solicitor

    A person completing their training requirements in law firm before applying to become a solicitor.